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How to raise children at the age of one year


 Raising children at the age of one year

Setting rules and boundaries

How to raise children

Parents must set a set of limits and rules when raising a child at the age of one year, to provide support, guide him and direct him to the right path. It should be stopped, and here are some things to consider when setting the rules for the child:

  • Parents should focus greatly on the rules related to safety and security, as the child at this age can realize that these rules are not negotiable and cannot be tolerated. For example, a mother may alert her child by saying to him: “You should not touch the stove or play with it.”
  • Parents should clarify the goals behind the established rules, and the reasons behind not allowing a certain thing to be done, and try to repeat this explanation on an ongoing basis, even if the child at this age cannot understand all the talk that is going on around him, for example, the mother says to her child: “You must cover your mouth when you cough so that germs are not passed on to others.
  • Parents must adhere to the imposed rules and be steadfast on them so that the child can learn and respond to them, and they must agree among themselves to abide by the same instructions directed to him.

child redirect

The method of redirecting the child at the age of one year is to collect his energy, impulse and passion that puts him in the bad behaviour, and directs him towards the right path and the most appropriate behaviour, for example: if the child throws sand at his colleague while playing, then the sand can be removed from its place, and replaced with a group of Cotton balls, so the child keeps doing what he wants, which is throwing, but in a safer way and a more positive activity.

Communicating with the child

Parents should take into account constant communication with the child at the age of one year by talking to him and asking him questions on an ongoing basis to contribute to the development of his skills, for example, he can help him build connections between the shape of things and their names by naming the things around him, the more these connections the more vocabulary the child uses And the speed of his memory of them has developed, and in addition to this, providing choices to the child helps to enhance his knowledge of words, and the following are some methods for teaching the child some vocabulary:

  • Count the steps while going up the stairs with the child.
  • Refer to fruits and vegetables with their names and colours when you are in the store with the child.
  • Read books and stories to the child, point out the things in them and mention their names.
  • Sometimes offering options to the child, such as asking them if they want to wear blue or red socks.

Ignore the child's wrong behaviour

A child between the age of one and three years can distinguish correct behaviours from wrong through the consequences and consequences of each of them, and many studies have proven the effectiveness of the method of ignoring the child for a short period when he performs a wrong behaviour, and in return giving him a reward when he performs a correct behaviour, but many parents They may be afraid to use this method for fear that their child will feel that they have abandoned him, but according to specialists, the child does not forget the love and care of his parents because of ignoring him for several minutes, but rather he realizes that the behaviour he took is wrong and needs to be changed.

The child's tolerance for the consequences of his actions

Feelings of disappointment and discomfort may be a strong motivator for children at the age of one year to correct their behaviour in the coming times. Making the child realize the consequences of his wrong behaviour and bear the consequences of it creates a real desire for change to get rid of these unwanted feelings, for example: if the child does not want to wear His coat while going out will feel cold, and therefore he will not repeat this act again.

Helping the child control his feelings

A one-year-old child may feel frustrated and dissatisfied when trying to understand and control things around him, so parents should help him control his feelings and try to tell him that they feel angry, for example: if the child threw plastic playing rings in frustration, the parents should pick them up quietly and help him to find the right place for each episode.

Teaching a child to be positive

Children have not inherited traits from parents only through genes, but also through behaviour and method of upbringing, so parents must be a good and positive role model in front of their child by teaching him gratitude for what he has, and enjoying it instead of sadness for what he does not have, in addition to teaching him Grief is a part of life that can be overcome.

Let the child explore

At the age of the year, the child begins to explore and try new things, so it is necessary to prepare the house and secure the environment and a safe and appropriate atmosphere for this, such as: allocating a drawer to fill it with plastic cans and wooden spoons, installing gates for children at the drawers, hiding wires from places where the child may reach, and removing detergents. Keep household items and chemicals out of his reach, making sure to warn him when he tries to do a forbidden thing that might harm him, and redirect his attention to something else that is safe.

Things to avoid when raising one-year-olds

There are many things that parents should avoid completely when raising children at the age of one, and the following are some of them:

  1. Screaming: A one-year-old child often does not understand why his parents are screaming at him, but rather this will cause him to fear them, so he must refrain from yelling at the child when talking to him about a wrong behaviour he did.
  2. Corporal punishment: Studies and evidence have proven that corporal punishment, such as beating, is an ineffective method for disciplining and raising a one-year-old child.
  3. Directing bad words: A one-year-old child cannot be described as bad, he is only trying to discover the world around him, so when he does any wrong behaviour, the parents must describe the act as bad and not the child himself, because the child is not aware of the reality of this behaviour.

Tips for parents when raising one-year-olds

There are many tips for parents concerning raising children at the age of one year, including the following:

  • It is recommended at this age to take the child to the house of worship and to teach him to take the matter seriously, taking into account not to take a lot of toys and food with him, and thus he will learn respect and calm at an early age.
  • When it is difficult to control the child in certain situations or prevent him from doing or using something at the age of one year, it is advised to remove the thing that the child should not have and to distract him from his sight, to protect him.
  • When a child performs an undesirable act at this age, such as pulling his mother's hair, it must be dealt with calmly and gently, with an attempt to replace the behaviour with a positive action such as kissing hands.
  • A child becomes very happy when he feels that his parents are ready to protect him from all harm, so they must constantly show him care and protection.

One-year-old children

At the age of one year, children begin to discover their own freedom, which results in many unfamiliar behaviours from their parents. Here are some of them:

Start using communication and language skills through several actions, such as :

  1. At the age of one year, the child can pronounce the words (mama) and (dada), in addition to saying one or two additional words.
  2. The child starts waving his hands when saying goodbye to people.
  3. The child can point to objects.
  4. The child begins to chatter with a distinctive tone of voice and manner of speaking.

Movement and physical development, as follows:

  1. A one-year-old child can sit on his own without assistance.
  2. The child begins to walk by leaning on the furniture, and he may be able to walk a few steps without having to lean on anything.
  3. The child begins trying to stand alone and may be able to do so without anyone's help.

The emergence of social and emotional development indicators, which are as follows:

  1. The child cries when the mother or father is absent or leaving the place.
  2. The child enjoys imitating the play of others.
  3. The child begins to prefer certain people and toys over others.
  4. The child may feel afraid in some situations.
  5. The child prefers the mother or the person who takes care of it regularly over all others.
  6. The child resorts to repeating sounds and gestures to draw attention.
  7. Helping the child extend his arm or leg when getting dressed.

The development of cognitive indicators, which are as follows:

  1. At the age of one year, the child begins to explore things in different ways, such as: shaking or throwing things and making noise.
  2. The child learns to search to find hidden objects.
  3. The child begins to perceive things correctly, for example, when naming a certain thing, he looks at it.
  4. The child imitates a few different movements and gestures.
  5. The child begins to use the tools correctly, for example, he learns how to drink from a cup, and use a brush to style his hair.


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