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What is combination skin, how can you know if you have it, and what is the best skin care routine for you?

 Dermatologists believe that humans have a preset skin type that is influenced by heredity as well as lifestyle influences. What are the four skin types? Normal, dry, oily, and combo skin types are among them (plus sensitive skin, considered by some to be the fifth type).

What is combination skin, how can you know if you have it,

The differences between dry and oily skin are evident, but how can I tell if I have mixed skin? Dry skin, as well as skin that is prone to breakouts and oiliness, are all signs.

We'll look at the best items for mixture skin, including the best moisturizer for mixed skin, makeup advice, and more, in the sections below.

What Is Combination Skin And What Does It Mean?

Combination skin can be oily or dry depending on whatever area of the face or body it is on. Dryness around the cheekbones and hairline is common, but oiliness in the "T-zone," which includes the forehead, nose, and chin, is also common.

How does mixed skin appear? Here are some telltale clues that this is your skin type:

  • Even if you use the same products all over your face, certain areas will feel oilier or dryer than others.
  • Within an hour of washing your face, greasy parts of your face, such as your nose and forehead, are common. They can seem gleaming or break out more often.
  • On your nose or another part of your body, you have bigger pores that are visible.
  • Because certain areas of your skin are dry or flaky, you appear to need moisturizer all of the time.
  • On your scalp, you have dry, flaky spots (aka dandruff).

What causes mixed skin in the first place?

The most important factor in the development of this type of skin appears to be genetics. However, the items you use on your face, as well as aspects such as your food, hygiene, environment, sun exposure, and meditation practice, can all have an impact on your skin.

You may develop dryness if you often use harsh, drying items on your skin, such as acne treatments and some types of clay masks that absorb oil. If you have sensitive skin, you may notice redness, irritation, and peeling from some skincare products, notably those containing sodium Laureth sulfate, lauryl sulfate, salicylic acid, and retinoids (although these last two can be helpful for acne).

On the other hand, not washing your face and removing your makeup frequently enough might cause oiliness. Hormonal imbalances, such as elevated androgen levels, can sometimes lead to an increase in oil production (and hormonal acne) on the face.

The Best Skincare Routine for People With Combination Skin

Combination skin takes some thinking and works to care for. To keep things balanced, you might need to apply various products to different sections of your face.

Product Highlights:

  • Cleanser – Use a mild cleanser in the morning and at night before going to bed. Exfoliate your face gently several times each week after washing it, especially your T-zone, which tends to be oilier. A Clarisonic cleaning brush may also help remove dead skin cells from your T-zone, which can block pores. Avoid over-washing your face with strong cleansers, since this may cause your skin to become tight and dry.
  • Toner – To help balance things out, use face toner with witch hazel or rose water. Don't overdo this step; just a smidgeon once a day will be enough.
  • A moisturizer that combines clarifying and mattifying components (such as salicylic acid and silica if you tolerate them well) with moisturizing ingredients is the ideal moisturizer for combination skin (such as hyaluronic acid and glycerin).

Use this oily skin moisturizer on areas of your face with bigger pores and more shine. Use two different moisturizers, such as an emollient on dry skin and a lighter, oil-free gel on oilier skin, for the greatest results.

In dry regions, try experimenting with face oils like marula or coconut oil, topped with heavier creams.

  • Masks - Because your skin's demands aren't consistent, it's preferable to utilize two different face masks. Apply a hydrating mask to dry areas and an oil-absorbing and pore-cleansing mask to greasy regions (such as one with bentonite clay). Face masks should be used two to three times a week, with drying masks being used less frequently to reduce irritation.
  • Serums and other treatments – As long as your skin isn't too sensitive, products containing face acids like alpha hydroxy acid or beta hydroxy acid can help. These aid in the exfoliation of the skin and the cleaning of pores, as well as allowing other components to permeate your skin more quickly.
  • Makeup —A foundation that isn't overly greasy or heavy is preferable for combination skin. Allow your moisturizer to absorb into your skin for a few minutes before applying a light foundation. If using a skin primer helps with coverage in dry areas, you may wish to do so.

In most situations, use "leave-on exfoliant" face acids multiple times each week.

If you prefer natural skincare and wish to manufacture your own serums or lotions at home, lavender oil on dry/irritated areas and tea tree oil on greasy areas are both useful essential oils for skin to use in DIY recipes. Vitamin C, niacinamide, and retinoids are further excellent components for combination skin (if tolerated well).

Tips for a Combination Skin Care Routine:

  • Always start with clean skin before applying cosmetics. Start with the thinnest items, like serums, then work your way up to the thickest.
  • When exfoliating and toning your skin, start with the exfoliation and then go on to the toning. Then, using your thin serums and/or leave-on exfoliants, apply them to your skin (such as facial acids). After that, use moisturizer and eye cream before applying sunscreen.

Things to Avoid and Potential Side Effects

What should people with mixed skin avoid? The most important thing to remember is that some products will not work for your entire face, so avoid using really thick, moisturizing creams on acne-prone regions and just use mild lotion in dry places.

Pay attention to how acne treatments, masks, and other concentrated products, such as retinoids, influence your skin's sensitive areas. To avoid irritation and dryness, use them every other day.

In general, avoid products that include skin-irritating substances such as perfumes and alcohol.

If you experience symptoms of dermatitis or rosacea, such as red spots, peeling, or itching, see a dermatologist, who may prescribe antifungal, anti-yeast, or anti-inflammatory lotions.


  • Combination skin is characterized by regions of oily and dry skin.
  • The T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) is usually oilier and acne-prone, but the sides of the face and cheeks are usually drier.
  • What are the best products for mixed skin? A moisturizer that combines mattifying and moisturizing ingredients is the finest moisturizer for combination skin. To create a balanced skin texture, you may need to apply more than one kind.
  • Combination skin should be gently washed twice a day, then exfoliated and toned ideally. Facial acids like AHA and BHA, hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, niacinamide, and emollient lotions for really dry regions can all be beneficial.


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